Welcome to SNOLAB

SNOLAB is an underground science laboratory specializing in neutrino and dark matter physics. Situated two km below the surface in the Vale Creighton Mine located near Sudbury Ontario Canada, SNOLAB is an expansion of the existing facilities constructed for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) solar neutrino experiment.

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ABEC annual picnic 2014

Section 1 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC is voluntary association; eligible members are Canadian Residents who possess Diploma From Technical Engineering Universities. Anyone holding membership in ABEC in the class MEMBER will hereafter be referred to as a Member. Anyone holding membership in ABEC in the class ASSOCIATE will hereafter be referred to as an Associate Member. Students in the engineering field will be accepted as STUDENT MEMBER. As an AFFILIATED MEMBER will be accepted Members who posses Diploma in Architecture and or in the Science of Mathematics, Physics, Programming, Chemistry and etc. AFFILIATED MEMBERS and STUDENT MEMBERS will not have voting right for the election of Council Members, they will participate in all discussions and ABEC functions.

Section 2 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC is founded and functions on the following two basic principles:
- Voluntarily membership,
- Equality of all members,

Section 3 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC functions include promoting the arts and sciences connected with the economical production by means of organizing technical seminars, meetings, discussing and distributing technical publications. ABEC has the following three main goals: 1) facilitating the exchange of knowledge and technology; 2) fraternity; and 3) the recognition of excellence in engineering. These goals are achievable through conferences, publications, website and e-mail; members will enjoy a sense of community within the Canadian industries, and are able to make contacts across Canada and stay on top of the latest technological innovations.


Section 1 1) The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada is a Nonprofit Organization without share capital.
2) The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada is composed of its members.

Section 2 Objectives of the Association:
1) To establish, maintain and conduct an Association within Canada for Bulgarian engineers who meet the requirements of ABEC and are members of Bulgarian community.
2) To assist members in advancing their Professional status, and in increasing their knowledge, skill and proficiency.
3) To establish, promote and observe high ethical and professional standards of conduct for members.
4) To communicate with other organizations with objectives, those are in whole or in part, the same as or similar to its objectives.
5) To help the new Immigrants - Engineers to integrate into the professional environment of the country; following close on any new changes and updating of the professional Canadian bylaws and regulations for a licensing and designation of Professional Engineering (P. Eng.); to keep close communications with professional agencies, press, web posting, for available carrier opportunities and to receive the annual Bulletin for the budget of the Universities for their R&D (research & development) programs;
6) To nurture friendly environment between its members; with members with long Canadian experience and the new generation bright stars;
7) To create instant electronic information for the latest news in different engineering fields;
8) To organize seminars on different tools and software into a different engineering fields and the latest news into the instrumentation.

Section 3 To rich these goals ABEC shall keep free environment of any discrimination of the members on the base of political, geographical, gender, religious, ethnical differences;

Section 4 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC shall work as one body for the first year and the Divisions are to be considered in the progress of the year.


Section 1 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC shall work as one body for the first year and the Divisions are to be considered in the progress of the year.


Section 1 (1) The ABEC shall accept members based on their eligibility and qualifications that meets the membership requirements established by the Association.
(2) The ABEC shall accept an Associate Member, based on their proactive support to the association.

Section 2 1) The ABEC shall keep a register listing the names of its members in good standing, their class of membership and such other information as the Council considers appropriate for confidential information.
(2) The ABEC shall make the register available for inspection by the public at its head office during normal office hours.

The members of ABEC will not use a designation.

Section 4 The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada will issue Membership Certificate to his Members.


Section 1 The head office of the ABEC shall be in the city of Toronto in the province of Ontario, or any such other place within Canada as the Council may determine from time to time.


Section 1 The affairs and business of The Association of Bulgarian Engineers in Canada ABEC shall be managed and controlled by a Council, which shall be composed of a 7 Members as follows:
(a) The President;
(b) Vice-President;
(c) Director for Ontario
(d) Director for Maritimes, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon and NWT & Nunavut
(e) The Treasurer
(f) Two Secretaries; Secretary I and Secretary II.

Section 2 The Council shall serve as such without remuneration and no Member shall directly or indirectly receive any personal gain.


Section 1 A year as described under Terms of Office shall be March 1st through the Last day of February.

Section 2 All Council Members shall serve terms of two years.


Section 1 The President, and in his absence the Vice-President, shall have the general management and control of the business of ABEC. The President shall preside over all Executive Meetings and shall preside over all General Meetings; he shall enforce the due observance of the by-laws, decide all questions of order, announce all results of voting, and perform such other duties as usually devolve upon the office. The President shall have a second or casting vote in case of a tie vote, and shall be an ex officio member of all committees.

Section 2 The Vice-President shall exercise the power and the duties of the President in case of his absence or inability. In addition, the Vice-President shall perform duties assigned to him by the President. The Vice-President will be Chair of all Committees.

Section 3 The Director for Ontario shall be in charge for the latest update of the Website and e-mails, legal matters, advertisings. The Director for outside Ontario shall be in charge of advertising and information for new members from another Provinces.

Section 4 The Secretary shall attend all Executive and General Meetings and shall record all facts and minutes of or proceedings in a book kept for that purpose. In addition to the duties prescribed herein, the Secretary may be required, and shall keep a roll of the Members.

Section 5 The Treasurer shall collect and have charge of the funds from membership fees and shall disburse the same only upon the authority of the President. The funds will be used only for operational expenses - to maintain ABEC in action. The Treasurer shall report annually in writing to the membership or more often if required. An Auditing Committee shall audit all accounts at least once a year.

Section 6 In addition to their other duties prescribed herein, the Council shall meet at least twice a year on the call of the President or any three Members of the Council. They shall have power to make such regulations, not inconsistent with the Bylaws, as shall be necessary for the protection of the property and for the preservation of good order in the conduct of its affairs. It shall also be the duty of the said Council to present business for the action.


Section 1 Standing committees are appointed by the Council no later than the meeting following appointment of Council Members and shall serve terms of two years.

Section 2 The committees shall devise their own rules of procedure, subject to the approval of the Council.

Section 3 There will be at least four standing committees, with the Vice-President as a Chair of the Committee:
Advertising and Information- Web maintenance

Section 4 Special committees may be appointed by the Council as required, and shall serve terms as required to accomplish their purpose, but in no event shall the term be longer than two years.


Section 1 Regular General meetings shall be held once every two months of the year.

Section 2 Meetings shall generally be held on the Sunday (e.g., second Sunday) of the month.

Section 3 Programs may be scheduled for any of the meetings, but in addition, the March meeting will be the Annual meeting at which elections will be held.

Section 4 All General Meetings shall be considered lawful regardless of how many members are present. In the notice for calling these meetings, there shall be stated: -
"In compliance with by-laws of the ABEC, Article XI, Section 4, this Meeting will take place regardless of how many members are present. The presence of every Member however, is important."

Section 5 The President shall preside over all Meetings, with the Secretary and the Treasurer present.

Section 6 All regular Members shall have the right to take part in discussion at General Meetings and to vote. Except at Annual election Meetings, any member may make a motion on any subject, after the subjects on the agenda of the notice of the meeting have been dealt with; and if such motion is seconded, it shall be discussed and voted on by the meeting.

Section 7 The order of business at every business meeting shall be as follows:

a. Reading of the minutes of the preceding meeting.
b. Report of the President or Vice President
c. Committee reports
d. Other business

This order may be changed for any meeting by vote of the majority of the members present at the meeting.

Section 8 The time and location of each meeting shall be the responsibility of the Program Committee. The Secretary shall notify each member, in writing, at least two (2) weeks prior to the date of the meeting.


Section 1 Each member shall pay to ABEC his or her annual dues, payable on the first day of each fiscal year. All Districts shall be independent for their collections.

Section 2 The fiscal year shall overlap the election year. The Treasurer at the last scheduled meeting of each fiscal year shall give a financial report.


Section 1 Election of Council Members shall take place during the Annual General Meeting. The notice shall be e-mailed to each member at least four weeks before the date of the Meeting.

Section 2 It shall be the purpose of the nominating committee to judiciously select at least one candidate for each Council Member. The committee must obtain the agreement of each individual to serve if elected.

Section 3 On termination of the annual report, The Election Committee shall take over and its Chairman shall inform the meeting that the Committee is open for nominations, beginning first with the office of President, and on the election of Member proceed in like manner with each of the Council Member for Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer. He shall allow five minutes for nomination for each Member, and then proceed with to reed the names of those nominated, and ask each proposed candidate whether he consents to run for the office. The nominations shall be in writing, signed by a mover and a seconded. If only one candidate is nominated for, he shall be declared elected by acclamation. The Nominating Committee shall work the procedure in details.
The names of the nominated candidates who have consented to run shall be written in large letters on the blackboard or large size paper, and ballots distributed to the members for marking thereon the names of the candidates for whom they wish to vote. Each Member shall cast his ballot in a ballot box provided for that purpose. The ballot box shall be opened and the ballot counted. The candidate who has polled the highest number of votes shall be declared elected. In the event of tie, lot shall decide it.

Section 4 The successful Council Members will be appointed at the meeting immediately following the Annual Meeting.

Section 5 Any Council Member may be removed from office, with or without cause, by a two-thirds vote of present Members and Associate Members eligible to vote under the Bylaws.


Section 1 Proposals to amend the Bylaws must be signed by at least five (5) members and must be submitted in writing to the Council.

Section 2 The Council shall consider these proposals and notify the Members with Council's opinion within forty-five (45) days.

Section 3 These Bylaws may be amended at any meeting provided official notice of the proposed amendment shall have been mailed to each member with notice of the meeting at least one month in advance thereof. A two-thirds vote of those present Members shall be necessary to amend these Bylaws.

Section 4 Any particular section of the Bylaws may be suspended for the duration of a meeting by unanimous consent of the present Members at any meeting for a single stated purpose.

Section 5 Amendments to these Bylaws shall become effective at the next regular meeting.

Note In the preparation of these BYLAWS, were used examples of the following Associations' BYLAWS for: Canadian Institute of Mines, Ontario Association of Certified Engineering Technicians and Technologists, American Association of Civil Engineers, American Association of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, The Macedono-Bulgarian Orthodox Parish. "Sts. Cyril and Methody" Cathedral.

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